The Bible definition of restitution is payment for something misused, whether it is defined in the Hebrew, Greek or English. Restitution under the Law of Moses demands the return or compensation to the owner of that which was lost, stolen, abused, or damaged.
If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft. (Exodus 22:3 KJV)
If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and shall put in his beast, and shall feed in another man’s field; of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard, shall he make restitution. (Exodus 22:5 KJV)
If fire break out, and catch in thorns, so that the stacks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field, be consumed therewith; he that kindled the fire shall surely make restitution. (Exodus 22:6 KJV)
And if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto the owner thereof. (Exodus 22:12 KJV)
That which he laboured for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it down: according to his substance shall the restitution be, and he shall not rejoice therein. (Job 20:18 KJV)
Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began. (Acts 3:21 KJV).
This definition is very important in prophetic studies, especially in the context of its usage. Look at Acts 3 and what Peter says:
Act 3:19 Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord;
Act 3:20 And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you:
Act 3:21 Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began.
Peter is preaching to the men of the nation of Israel (Acts 3:12) who agreed with their leaders in rejection and crucifixion of Christ. Jesus ascended back into heaven after His resurrection and the promise is that He will return.
John 14:3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.
Acts 1:11 Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.
Peter deals with the most important issue first: Israel’s (not the sinner in the age of grace) sins blotted out. This remission of sins will occur “when the times of refreshing come”. Of importance to notice, is that this blotting out or remission, total removal of sins, can not happen BEFORE (until ) Jesus returns, “when the times of refreshing” will come to Israel. These “times” will not happen without the Lord’s first returning to Israel.
So we see TWO “times” spoken of in Acts 3:19-21: one of “refreshing” and one of “restitution” (payment for wrong done): one of blessing and one that demands a payment to be made BEFORE the blessing. Correct prophetic interpretation of the Bible depends upon believing both will literally occur. But, correct interpretation demands that each of these “times” be properly defined by Bible usage and context.
Peter tells the men of Israel that God the Father will “send Jesus Christ which before was preached unto you: whom heaven must receive until (BEFORE) the times of restitution of all things.” Does this mean the Jesus Christ will come BEFORE “the times of restitution”? No, a thousand times, “No!” Some try to make the return of Jesus be BEFORE, simply because they only see the preposition “until”. The preposition does not control a sentence–context does…
Notice: The above is approximately 1/6th of the full study. If you would like to receive the full study, please request it from firstname.lastname@example.org. The complete study will be sent at no obligation.
(Dr. Dennis Spackman, M.D., graduated from Open Bible College International in the 1980s. He lived in New Zealand where he practiced medicine for many years. He and his wife, Rowan, as well as his brother, Neil, who handles all his books, study materials, including over 6000 taped Bible studies, became our dear friends. Sue and I visited, were guests in their home, and preached several times in the church Dr. Spackman started in NZ. Dr. Spackman went to be with the Lord in 2007. We will place the entire study on the Blood of Jesus Christ on this site in several installments. Since the study is transcribed from taped sessions, I have taken the liberty to omit some comments related to local events. Dr. Spackman gave me permission to edit and use any and all of his materials.–DR )
“For the life of the flesh is in the blood: (that is a sweeping statement – “for the life of the flesh is in the blood”) and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul.” (Leviticus 17:11) “For it is the life of all flesh; the blood of it is for the life thereof:…” (Leviticus 17:14)
The point that we make here is that the life of the flesh is in the blood. It is the life of all flesh. Now if you think about life for a moment, do you know what is life? That mysterious something that science so far, has never been able to define or fathom out, is said by God, in these two verses, to be in the blood of the flesh. There can be no life without blood. We are talking about human beings, we are not talking about amoeba and paramecia and those organisms, and we are talking about humans and animals.
There can be no life without the blood. While this is certainly true of all flesh, we are immensely interested in human blood. We are not interested in rabbit blood, we are interested in human blood, and particularly in the blood of one Person, Christ Jesus. In His blood was not only life as we think of it physically, but also in His blood there was eternal life as well.
One of the things which you probably seldom think about is human blood. What is it? Medical doctors deal a lot with human blood. Well, it is fluid, it is mobile and it is not just in your big toe or your liver, it is over the whole part of your body. It is free to move, blood corpuscles can go over your body from the top of your head to the tip of your toe.
Blood touches every cell in your body and supplies it with nourishment and it takes away waste products. Quite an incredible tissue, we call it a tissue, in medicine. How much have you got? If you are nice and fit, you have about eleven pints, if you are an adult, you will be interested to know that it takes twenty three seconds for it to go right through the body and come back to square one again.
In surgery doctors put a particular anesthetic into a vein in a man’s arm and it takes about seven seconds for that to reach his brain. Now here is a good question: how does my blood differ from that of an Eskimo, or a Red Indian or a Zulu? The answer is – it doesn’t differ at all!
Turn with me to Acts chapter 17. And it is very important to get this. You see, if I am in a car accident and I am up in Alaska and I have to have a blood transfusion, I can have a blood transfusion from an Eskimo.
Look at verse 24, and I again I remind you that this is a very important verse, and note that it is Paul speaking: “God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands; (25) Neither is worshipped with men’s hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things: now look at verse 26 (this is the important one) (26) And hath made of one blood (who?) all nations of men (put a ring around “all”) for to dwell on all (put a ring around the second “all”) the face of the earth and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation.”
God has set boundaries in the world for different races and different nations. No doubt about that! But in verse 26 – “He hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth.” So there is no such thing as “Irish Blood,” no such thing as “Jewish Blood,” no such thing as “Blue Blood.”
By our being born a human being by natural birth we are born into the one human race, there is only one single race on the earth and that is “the human race,” which is distributed of course among peoples and nations and tribes and tongues and colors and religions and so on.
One race, the human race – one blood. Turn to Romans chapter 3, and here is a verse you may know by heart. Romans 3 verse 22: “Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe; for there is no difference…” and in the next verse – “For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;” Put a ring around all the “alls.”
You see there is no difference between the Eskimo and a New Zealander, or a Zulu and an American. Then how did all this start? One human race, one blood – no difference – all have sinned! How did it start? Turn to Romans chapter 5 verse 12: “Wherefore, as by one man (we know who that man was – it was Adam) sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned.”
You remember we learned that God, because of His great love for mankind, purposed and determined that it would be possible for man to be saved, and look at the contrast in verse 12 to verse 19! What a wonderful verse is 19. Romans 5 verse 19: “For as by one man’s disobedience (that was Adam) many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one (and you know who that is, that is the Lord Jesus Christ) shall many be made righteous. (20) Moreover the law entered, that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound.”
You see it says here “the obedience of one” – we had the sin of “one” which was Adam and it became a hereditary thing, so that your blood and my blood and everybody else’s blood came from Adam. We are of a sinful race! But as a result of Christ’s obedience there is another race, a second humanity. This was part of Christ’s work on earth, to begin another race – the New Man. We have the first race which is the fallen human race, and the second race, you can call it the “redeemed race” of the Lord Jesus Christ.
All men, and this is just the interruption, by their first natural birth, were born from a woman’s womb. You were born from a woman, so was I, and it goes right back to Eve if you like, natural birth belonged to the one fallen human race of Adam. Whereas it is only by the second birth, of course, that we can become members of the “redeemed race” – God’s children.
And as God’s children, we are going to see this in a moment – we are brought in by Jesus Christ’s Precious Blood. It is the Blood of Christ that makes the new birth as a child of God possible. Before we look at the Blood of Christ, let us learn something about blood itself.… (To be continued)
The question is grounded in doubt. It would be understandable from a lost man who has not read much or any of the Bible, and we should gladly show him what the Bible says about Jesus. The same question from a professing “Christian” makes us wonder who he has listened to or what he has been reading. One thing is sure: the only people in the Bible who ever question the righteousness of Christ are unbelievers or those who “know not the scripture.”
Some who teach that the Lord Jesus Christ could have sinned, mean well in their effort to have Him identified with sinners. But good intentions do not always teach good Bible doctrine. Rather than accept His Whole Person, this idea separates the two Natures (Deity + Humanity) and diminishes His Person by treating His Humanity as though His Humanity could act apart from His Deity. That effort to magnify His Humanity at the expense of His Deity, actually separates the One Person and diminishes the efficacy of His perfect life and sacrificial death as the Perfect Substitute.
1. In the Old Testament types, the sin sacrifice was to be (as much as possible) without blemish. There was to be no offering of the blind, lame, or that with some doubt as to its value. The best was the accepted one. All OT types of Christ, His life and work, only point to His absolute perfection. To hold that the Humanity of Christ could have sinned, at the very onset makes one look for a blemish. We read “God was manifest in the flesh” but then treat Him as an OT TYPE RATHER THAN THE ANTITYPE, is a skeptical, unbelieving approach and potentially lowers His Human Nature to that same possible fault of an OT lamb or ox.
2. There is no efficacy in a death by someone on some cross. There were many crucified by Rome and two thieves were crucified on crosses at Calvary. It was not the cross that saved, it was the Person on the cross. We do not preach a crucifixion, we preach CHRIST crucified; the sinless Person on one cross made that particular death meaningful. We should never place the inanimate wood into a golden idol; the impeccable PERSON made that place memorable, the instruments and location were secondary to the Prince of Glory!
3. Scripture exalts the perfection of Christ in all aspects. Infidels lower the Person of Christ to make Him a mere man. We do not deny His Humanity but we must not forget that In His life and atoning death, His Deity cannot be diminished at the expense of His flesh, He was God manifest in the flesh, He was not just “a good” or even “great man” or a “possible sinner”.
The following verses prove that The Lord Jesus Christ could not and did not sin.
Consider these statements by Jesus in His prayer to the Father. At the appropriate place we will add comment relative to this study. To avoid loss of context, several verses are quoted although the entire prayer is testimony to His Person: God in the flesh.
“1 THESE words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee:
2 As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.”
“…power over all flesh” is certainly an amazing statement. If He had “power” over all flesh this not only meant others but His own. Some may argue that “authority” is meant here but the conclusion must be the same,
“3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.
4 I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do.”
In this statement (v3) the Lord equates Himself with the Father–no ordinary mortal who could sin would place himself in such a position. In v.4 He has “glorified” His Father and “finished” the work He gave Him to do. To say that at any moment He could have sinned would make Jesus a questionable Savior from the beginning, the rest of His life on earth a possible failure, and His very words “I have finished” not those of Eternal Deity—beyond the past, present, and future tenses–but one of the doubtful future, “I may finish the work between now and my death”. Compare Jesus’ statement to questions as to who He claimed to be: “before Abraham was, I am.”
“5 And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.”
This is not a speech by only His Deity–that is impossible–His Person is going to the cross, both God and Man inseparable in the incarnation, an event unparalleled by any mortal reason or thought.)
“6 I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word.
7 Now they have known that all things whatsoever thou hast given me are of thee.”
God’s name has been “manifested” and “all things known”, not by them reading the OT or by a mere speech; all was done by His impeccable life before them–which means by contextual definition–that Jesus could not sin and leave an ungodly example in any aspect of His Being.
“10 If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father’s commandments, and abide in his love.” (John 14:10)
There is no question as to Jesus’ past and future sinlessness in this statement: “I have kept” (past) and “abide in his love.” ( now, continually) To all men who can possibly sin, the conditional “IF” always exists. For a person who could sin, the statement “I have kept and I abide” is presumptuous.
“30 Hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me.” (John 14:30)
The devil had no place, power, influence or potential in the Person of Christ –that includes His Humanity.
“29 And he that sent me is with me: the Father hath not left me alone; for I do always those things that please him.” (John 8:29)
If Jesus COULD have sinned, His statement should have been, as ours must be: “I hope I can do always those things that please Him.”
A short answer on “confession of sins” and “forgiveness of sins”:
Our sins have all been paid for by Christ’s death–past, present, future and we are now seated in heavenly places in Christ (Ephesians 2). That is a POSITIONAL, eternal guarantee of never needing any more of anything to PAY that debt and have this position.
The longer answer…
However, the problem is that we are still down here on earth and drag around an old man who can get us in a lot of trouble (he can’t get us out of Christ down here because we are sealed by the Holy Spirit until the day God redeems this flesh. ( Romans 8; Ephesians 4:30). Because of this many try to deal with this problem and pull anything they find to answer it. Of course without right division, there is confusion and error.
When we sin NOW, after being saved, we are walking according to the flesh. We are acting just like the old man before we were saved and sealed. The old man (what the Bible also calls “the flesh”) is running the show.
Ephesians 2 gives us our eternal security question answer. Ephesians 4 gives us our what happens when we sin AFTER salvation question, which sin is more often and other than most people think!!
Ephesians 4 says “put off the old man” and “put on the new man”. How do you do that? Reading the chapter makes it clear that we must do this not only daily but continually. IT IS NOT GETTING OR KEEPING SALVATION BECAUSE IF THAT IS SO–ALL THE OTHER SAID IN EPHESIANS 2 IS A LIE AND CHRIST’S WORK WAS IMPERFECT TO SAVE AND THE HOLY SPIRIT’S WORK OF SEALING UNTO THE DAY OF THE BODY REDEMPTION IS WEAK.
Putting off the old man and putting on the new man–the NEED and RESULTS are described in detail in Ephesians 4 but details on HOW are broadly given. Why? I think because men are not the same in many ways although they are in others. For me, I may need to pray for one hour to get done what you only need to pray for 10 minutes. I may need to read many verses and pray, meditate, seek, plead, whatever for some time before I can have confidence my attitude and action is right. Does this involve asking God to forgive you for disobedience? YES. Does it mean that if you do not do it, you are lost? NO. Scripture forbids us in this age of Grace to think our prayers and works of righteousness save us in addition to Christ’s work and Righteousness. (Titus 3:5). In other ages a man’s faith was his righteousness (Hab 2:4) and required for salvation because he was not sealed by the Spirit and he was only under the blood of bulls and goats. Romans 11:5-6 is clear that salvation is NO MORE of works, which is a good indication it WAS OF WORKS in the past. And, indeed when you read the passages regarding those times, faith with works were required. God tells us in Eph 2:8-9 that salvation in “NOT OF WORKS” in Romans 11:6 “NO MORE OF WORKS” and Titus 3:5 “NOT BY WORKS OF RIGHTEOUSNESS”. Praying, living right, going to church, etc., etc., are WORKS of righteousness.
For ALL MEN, idolatry, lying, adultery, murder, etc are sin but for other men sin can be as “insignificant” as eating and what is one man’s sin may not be another’s! (Romans 14:22-23). Anything not done in faith is sin. To whom much is given, much is required.
The problem with the word “confession” is that in the Bible context, “confession” requires not only a saying, “I have sinned” but also requires a restitution and some offering to complete it. Confession is a very technical term under the Law that requires faith plus a work or works.
“If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. (1 John 1:9). The passage is written by John who was a minister of the circumcision (Acts 15; Gal 2). His letters therefore fit with that doctrine BEFORE Paul’s revelation of grace in the Acts period as well as the Tribulation Period. (Hebrews. James, John, and Peter’s writings are after Paul’s books ;Romans thru Philemon, the Church Age epistles, in the KJB because they will be the doctrine for the Tribulation saints after the rapture when the Body of Christ is no longer on earth.)
“If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.” ( 1 John 1:9)
Other verses fit the Tribulation period under the world domination all under the program of the Beast:
“15 Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him.
16 For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.
17 And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.” (1 John 2:15-17). (For another dispensational difference cf John 3:16 with 1 John 2:15-17. Those who rejected the gospel of grace in the Church Age do not get another chance in Trib to be saved. They might try to claim John 3:16 but just because it is in the Bible does not mean it is to them. (See 2Thess 2: 8-ff.) John 3:16 is no longer TO them.
Back to the subject of confession.
You see a careful reading says confession of sins does not only forgive sins but ACTUALLY CLEANSES UNRIGHTEOUSNESS! The verse includes not only “fellowship” but RELATIONSHIP. This is different from what you read in Romans through Philemon. (doctrine to the age of Grace). I know that many do not know this and that they don’t mean that their work is equal to God’s work on the cross. But the Bible is a very precise book and God calls teachers to keep practice correct. I can only hope that I am one of those and only God will prove me to be so.
The verse only covers remembered sins, specific acts, and requires specific action of restitution. It does not cover all disobedience. Actually, it is a Kingdom doctrine intended for the period covered in Hebrews-Revelation.
If a man uses this 1 John passage in a simple PRACTICAL but NOT DOCTRINAL sense, that is– he knows that Christ paid it all and that he is eternally secure, seated in heavenly places, a member of the body of Christ and can not be separated from Him by himself or any other creature (Romans 8) and is asking God to forgive him: that is–to learn from this sin, help him do it no more and avoid the instances that led up to such, putting off the old man and putting on the new man, being a better Christian– I have no difference with him other than to say he needs to go further in his Bible study and depend upon the plain scripture statements made to this present age. But if he is “confessing” IN ORDER TO REMAIN SAVED, then he is not only “confessing” his sin but he is confessing that the work of Christ and the Holy Spirit are all in vain, God’s grace is a farce, and the word of God is full of mistakes and errors, a book of men with no power at all and that his actions are as good as God’s.
The only “confession” a child of God in the age of Grace makes is of the Lord Jesus Christ:
“That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.” (Romans 10:9)
And, of course the KEY to understanding what we are and where we are in this present age is found in the Apostle to the Gentiles ministry–Paul, a sinner saved by grace but God’s spokesman to us. I am as Timothy was admonished by Paul:
“Consider what I say; and the Lord give thee understanding in all things.” (2 Timothy 2:7)
This is only a short answer and a very poor one at that. No man can teach without the Holy Spirit in His power, correcting our meager efforts in the hearer’s heart and mind.
Here are a few additional remarks on the subject:
What does it mean “to confess” in the OT and under the Kingdom gospel?
The Hebrew word translated by the KJB as confess is “yadah”. Literally, it is to use (i.e. hold out) the hand; physically, to throw (a stone, an arrow) at or away; especially to revere or worship (with extended hands). There are 11 occurrences in the OT) and “yadah” is translated consistently “to use the hand.”
This is why some work of the hand is always mentioned in the OT confession. There is no confession without a work of worship (towards God) or restitution of goods (towards man).
“5 And it shall be, when he shall be guilty in one of these things, that he shall confess that he hath sinned in that thing:
6 And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD for his sin which he hath sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his sin.”
“7 Then they shall confess their sin which they have done: and he shall recompense his trespass with the principal thereof, and add unto it the fifth part thereof, and give it unto him against whom he hath trespassed.”
Confession usage in New Testament
In the NT “homologeo” is translated “as confess”. Homo (same) logeo (to say) to say the same. Nothing is given regarding the hand.
“4 John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins.
5 And there went out unto him all the land of Judaea, and they of Jerusalem, and were all baptized of him in the river of Jordan, confessing their sins”
Nothing is said at the baptism regarding doing something with a hand but the submission to baptism involves a definite action of the whole person–outwardly, and under the hand of John the Baptist. In the physical submission to the baptism of John, they were confessing. Previously, they had corrected their bad works (see Matt 3:7-10; Luke 3:7-14) before John would baptize them.
“32 Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven.
33 But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven.”
Again, this is an outward act before men.
“16 Confess your faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.”
Again, this is outward confession, not of sins here but of “faults” to men.
1 John 1:9
“9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.”
An argument can be made that this is only to God, without any works but the problem is that it is only an assumption; plus, the verse DOES NOT SAY THAT! In view of all the above clear usage of “confess” in relation to sin, to force this interpretation is shaky. Besides, the context of the statement carries right works :
“But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.” (1John 1:7)
Not only that, but to force this 1 John passage to be Church Age doctrine means that in reality there is no power in the grace of God to cover future sins AFTER salvation but that it all resides in the sinner himself to be sure that before he dies he has confessed each and every sin completely and absolutely. This is nothing more than “Protestant last rites” and is only a small step from the Roman Catholic heresy. It is a “grace plus works” error that if applied doctrinally to the Church Age makes “grace no more grace”.
“And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.” (Romans 11:6)
The one critical event for the believer in the Church Age is below. There are no other references to “confession” in the Apostle to the Gentiles’ writings:
“9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.
10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.”
The verses state confession is not about US, what we DID or DID NOT DO but totally what Christ has DONE.
Furthermore, the confession of grace is the mouth of the HEART, physical lips and tongue do not count.
This is only one of many differences between spiritual things in the Bible. We are told to compare spiritual things with spiritual things (1 Cor 2:13) and then rightly divide them (2 Tim 2:15). Rightly divide the Bible, get the doctrines in the right place, believing what the Bible says, where it says it, and the wonderful harmony of the entire 66 books is readily seen. Take a verse out of context and ignore to whom it is addressed and disregard the age in which it occurs and force it to say the same thing found in all other passages, leads to doctrinal error or Bible correction. Doctrinal errors make Christianity a flimsy carnival of competition among clowns and bring damnation rather than salvation. Bible correction erodes the foundation of sound doctrine and leaves sinners without any sure word of God. We have too many of both at work in our generation.
Therefore, I can find no scriptural direction to “confess” sins for forgiveness and be cleansed from unrighteousness in Church Age doctrine. I do gladly confess my belief in the finished work of Christ.